Waste Management and Methods of Waste Disposal

We can consider waste management to be the process of collecting, storing, unloading, reusing or recycling. In this way, waste management is an environmentally friendly activity which should be taken very seriously. If you wish to know how to do the best garbage disposal, here are some methods:

Composting: In the bigger cities due to the lack of space for landfill in bigger cities, it is in a medium that the ecological yard waste is allowed to degrade or decompose. A good quality environmental friendly and nutrient-rich manure are formed which improves the soil conditions and fertility.

Incineration/Combustion: It is a sort of a method where the municipal solid wastes are burnt at high temperatures so as to convert them into gaseous and residue products. One of the major advantages of this type of method is that to 20 to 30 % of the volume of solid waste is reduced from the original volume. This process is also known as a thermal treatment. It is in this process that Incinerators change the solid waste materials into gas, heat, steam and ash.

Landfill: It is a process whose aim is to bury the wastage in the land. These Landfills can be found in almost all areas. A process is there which eliminates the odors as well as the harmful nature of the waste before it is dumped into the ground. It is one method which is being not in much use these days as there is not enough space available.

Physical Reprocessing: In many of the developed countries it is a very popular. In many of the developed countries ‘recycling’ is known as the widespread collection so as to reuse the everyday waste materials like that of the empty beverage containers. They are then collected and sorted into common types. In this way, the raw materials from which the products are made can be reprocessed into new products.

Pit method: If you wish to know how to do garbage disposal, this method is undertaken by excavating a pit in order to place garbage in it in layers. The earth which has been excavated is later on utilized as a cover. Also, the heavy compaction machinery is used to consolidate the waste. It is a method which is very useful on level topography.

Recycling and Recovery: This is a process which takes the useful items that have been discarded and puts them to some other use. These items are processed to recover resources and materials or transform them into energy like electricity, useable heat or fuel.

Reusing is the 3rd section of the 3 R’s i.e. Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. This process is one of the best methods of waste management as it helps in cutting down the energy usage, reduces pollutions like air pollution and water pollution, preserves natural resources to be used by our future generations and lastly helps in controlling greenhouse gasses.

One must use any of the above waste management techniques before discarding the waste to help in the conservation of our nature.

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